Pet Dermatology FAQs

Dermatology FAQs from Brentwood Animal Hospital in Pensacola

Does your pet exhibit incessant chewing and scratching activity? Most pet owners who visit animal hospitals complain about pet skin problems. Like humans, animals have skin issues, need a balanced diet, and proper hygiene. Brentwood Animal Hospital in Pensacola, FL is known for its excellent pet care services and we offer quality care services to all animals. 

Here are some common dermatology FAQs you should know. 

cat getting dermatology treatment at vetWhich are the most Common Pet Skin Problems?

Skin Irritation - Pruritus refers to pets suffering from skin irritation. It constitutes 40% of all complaints that vets receive. Consistent scratching has direct consequences such as causing insomnia and loss of appetite in dogs. Also, skin irritation can lead to infections, hair loss, and skin lesions.

Hair Loss - Extensive hair loss, alopecia, causes balding in pets. Naturally, it is tricky to diagnose the disorder without consulting a veterinarian at Brentwood Animal Hospital. Vets take a skin scrap and examine the cells using a microscope. There are different causes of alopecia including the Cushing's disease and Demodex mites. It affects the pet's skin, immune, endocrine, and lymphatic systems. Moreover, it affects all cats and dogs. Crusting and skin swelling are common signs of hair loss.

Are there different Types of Hair Loss in Pets?

There are three major types of hair loss:

  • Generalized or patchy hair loss: It mostly results from mange, ringworms, and bacterial infection. The hair loss causes inflammation and skin reddening.
  • Multiple-area hair loss: This occurs as mild scaling and skin reddening. It results from bacterial infections, scleroderma, and fungal infections. Scar tissue may form after you're the vet vaccinates your pet.
  • Symmetrical hair loss: Excessive production of steroids, low hormone levels, high estrogen levels, insufficient testosterone production are the leading causes of proportional hair loss.

What Causes Skin Rashes in Pets?

Most skin rashes look alarming. They may occur due to bacterial infection or an underlying health condition including Cushing's disease. If you do not treat it in time, the rash may cause severe skin infection that requires urgent dermatology attention.

There are numerous causes of skin rash including:

  • Allergies
  • Skin infection
  • Inflammation
  • Hormonal imbalances
  • Parasites
  • Environmental changes

Can allergies cause a skin rash? 

Allergies can result in skin rashes in cats and dogs. There are two major types of allergies: environmental allergies, and food allergies. Flea allergy, dermatitis, poison ivy, cleaning detergents, and fertilizer are the leading causes of environmental allergies. When a pet scratches persistently, a wound occurs on the skin surface, therefore making them susceptible to infections.

Food allergies occur due to food intolerance and insensitivity. Some dogs are hypersensitive to specific proteins. It is wise to consult a vet about the right type of food to use.

What are the Common Symptoms of Allergies in Pets?

  • Scabbed skin
  • Sneezing
  • Diarrhea
  • Swollen paws
  • Itchy eyes and ears 

Contact Brentwood Animal Hospital Today

If your pet is experiencing hair loss, skin rash, and/or skin irritation, it is prudent to seek urgent dermatology treatment. Brentwood Animal Hospital in Pensacola offers a variety of pet services in addition to dermatology, such as pet grooming, deworming, and tooth clipping. Call us at 850-434-2646 to schedule an appointment.